Published On: October 21ˢᵗ, 2021 08:40

IP Addressing Services Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Amsterdam 17.3.x (Catalyst 9500 Switches)

Contents

Enhanced IPv6 Neighbor Discovery Cache Management

Neighbor discovery protocol enforces the neighbor unreachability detection process to detect failing nodes, or devices, and the changes to link-layer addresses. Neighbor unreachability detection process maintains the reachability information for all the paths between hosts and neighboring nodes, including host-to-host, host-to-device, and device-to-host communication.

The neighbor cache maintains mapping information about the IPv6 link-local or global address to the link-layer address. The neighbor cache also maintains the reachability state of the neighbor using the neighbor unreachability detection process. Neighbors can be in one of the following five possible states:

  • DELAY: Neighbor resolution is pending, and traffic might flow to this neighbor.

  • INCOMPLETE: Address resolution is in progress, and the link-layer address is not yet known.

  • PROBE: Neighbor resolution is in progress, and traffic might flow to this neighbor.

  • REACHABLE: Neighbor is known to be reachable within the last reachable time interval.

  • STALE: Neighbor requires resolution, and traffic may flow to this neighbor.

Use the ipv6 nd na glean command to configure the neighbor discovery protocol to glean an entry from an unsolicited neighbor advertisement.

Use the ipv6 nd nud retry command to configure the neighbor discovery protocol to maintain a neighbor discovery cache entry for a neighbor during a network disruption.

Use the ipv6 nd cache expire refresh command to configure the neighbor discovery protocol to maintain a neighbor discovery cache entry even when no traffic flows to the neighbor.

Customizing the Parameters for IPv6 Neighbor Discovery

To customize the parameters for IPv6 neighbor discovery, perform this procedure:

Procedure

  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1

enable

Example:

Device> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password, if prompted.

Step 2

configure terminal

Example:

Device# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3

interface type number

Example:

Device(config)# interface gigabitethernet 1/1/4

Specifies an interface type and identifier. Enters the interface configuration mode.

Step 4

ipv6 nd nud retry base interval max-attempts [final-wait-time]

Example:

Device(config-if)# ipv6 nd nud retry 1 1000 3

Configures the number of times neighbor unreachability detection resends neighbor solicitations.

Step 5

ipv6 nd cache expire expire-time-in-seconds [refresh]

Example:

Device(config-if)# ipv6 nd cache expire 7200

Configures the length of time before an IPv6 neighbor discovery cache entry expires.

Step 6

ipv6 nd na glean

Example:

Device(config-if)# ipv6 nd na glean

Configures the length of time before an IPv6 neighbor discovery cache entry expires.

Step 7

end

Example:

Device(config-if)# end

Exits interface configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 8

show ipv6 interface

Example:

Device# show ipv6 interface

(Optional) Displays the usability status of interfaces that are configured for IPv6 along with neighbor discovery cache management.

Examples: Customizing Parameters for IPv6 Neighbor Discovery

The following example shows that IPv6 neighbor advertisement gleaning is enabled and the IPv6 neighbor discovery cache expiry is set to 7200 seconds (2 hours):

Device> enable
Device# configure terminal
Device(config)# interface Port-channel 189
Device(config-if)# no ip address
Device(config-if)# ipv6 address 2001:BD8::/64
Device(config-if)# ipv6 nd reachable-time 2700000
Device(config-if)# ipv6 nd na glean
Device(config-if)# ipv6 nd cache expire 7200
Device(config-if)# no ipv6 redirects
Device(config-if)# end


Additional References

Related Documents

Related Topic Document Title

For complete syntax and usage information for the commands used in this chapter.

See the IP Addressing Services section of Command Reference (Catalyst 9500 Series Switches)

For information on IPv6 Neighbor Discovery Inspection

See the Security section of Software Configuration Guide (Catalyst 9500 Switches)

Feature History for IPv6 Neighbor Discovery

This table provides release and related information for the features explained in this module.

These features are available in all the releases subsequent to the one they were introduced in, unless noted otherwise.

Release

Feature

Feature Information

Cisco IOS XE Everest 16.5.1a

Enhanced IPv6 Neighbor Discovery Cache Management

Neighbor discovery protocol enforces neighbor unreachability detection, which can detect failing nodes or routers, and changes to link-layer addresses.

Support for this feature was introduced only on the C9500-12Q, C9500-16X, C9500-24Q, C9500-40X models of the Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches.

Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.11.1

Enhanced IPv6 Neighbor Discovery Cache Management

Support for this feature was introduced only on the C9500-32C, C9500-32QC, C9500-48Y4C, and C9500-24Y4C models of the Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches.

Use the Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform and software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn.