Published On: August 6ᵗʰ, 2019 02:00

QoS: NBAR Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S

The MQC Based on Transport Hierarchy(TPH) feature enables the use of TPH to apply policies according to a specific underlying protocol, instead of only according to the final classified protocol, for example, an email application over HTTP. A new MQC filter configured within a class-map matches all traffic which has this protocol in the hierarchy.

Finding Feature Information

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Restrictions for MQC Based on Transport Hierarchy

  • The MQC Based on Transport Hierarchy feature is supported only for HTTP, RTP, and SSL.

  • Does not allow adding the match of the protocol and in-app-hierarchy to the same class-map.

  • Match protocol http in-app-hierarchy and match protocol rtp in-app-hierarchy are not supported while match protocol attribute tunnel is configured, even on a different class-map.

Information About MQC Based on Transport Hierarchy

MQC Based on Transport Hierarchy Overview

The MQC based on transport hierarchy(TPH) feature enables NBAR to use TPH to apply policies according to a specific underlying protocol, instead of only according to the final classified protocol. The TPH of a particular application is the stack of protocols on which the application is delivered. For example, an application is being transported over HTTP and HTTP runs over TCP.

Prior to the configuartion of the MQC based on transport hierarchy(TPH) feature, it is only possible to apply a class-map filter on the final classified protocol using the match protocol protocol-id class-map filter. However, to apply QoS policies on all the traffic of HTTP, then include all the protocols which run over HTTP into the class-map makes the configuration of such use-cases considerably difficult. A solution for this problem is an in-app-hierarchy class-map filter which uses TPH to apply policies according to a specific underlying protocol, instead of only according to the final classified protocol. For example, the rule match protocol http in-app-hierarchy matches if HTTP is present in the hierarchy.

How to Configure MQC Based on Transport Hierarchy

Configuring MQC Based on Transport Hierarchy

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. class-map [match-all | match-any] class-map-name

4. match protocol protocol-name in-app-hierarchy

5. end

6. configure terminal

7. policy-map policy-map-name

8. class { class-name |class-default}

9. end

10. configure terminal

11. interface type number

12. service-policy { input |output } policy-map-name


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 enable


Example:
Device> enable
 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.

 
Step 2 configure terminal


Example:
Device# configure terminal
 

Enters global configuration mode.

 
Step 3 class-map [match-all | match-any] class-map-name


Example:
Device(config)# class-map match-all C1
 

Creates a class map to be used for matching packets to a specified class and enters QoS class-map mode.

  • Enter the name of the class map.

 
Step 4 match protocol protocol-name in-app-hierarchy


Example:
Device(config-cmap)# match protocol http in-app-hierarchy
 

Configures the match criterion for a class map on the basis of the specified protocol. The keyword in-app-hierarchy matches if the protocol is present in the transport hierarchy.

 
Step 5 end


Example:
Device(config-cmap)# end
 

Exits class-map mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

 
Step 6 configure terminal


Example:
Device# configure terminal
 

Enters global configuration mode.

 
Step 7 policy-map policy-map-name


Example:
Device(config)# policy-map P1
 

Specifies the name of the policy map and enters policy-map configuration mode.

 
Step 8 class { class-name |class-default}


Example:
Device(config-pmap)# class C1
 

Specifies the name of the class whose policy you want to create and enters policy-map class configuration mode.

 
Step 9 end


Example:
Device(config-cmap)# end
 

Exits class-map mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

 
Step 10 configure terminal


Example:
Device# configure terminal
 

Enters global configuration mode.

 
Step 11 interface type number


Example:
Device(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/1
 

Configures an interface type and enters interface configuration mode.

 
Step 12 service-policy { input |output } policy-map-name

Example:
Device(config-if)# service-policy input P1
 

Specifies the name of the policy map to be attached to the input or output direction of the interface.

 

Verifying MQC Based on Transport Hierarchy

To verify the MQC Based on Transport Hierarchy feature perform the following steps:

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. show policy-map interface type number

3. exit


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 enable


Example:
Device# enable
 

(Optional) Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.

 
Step 2 show policy-map interface type number


Example:
Device# show policy-map interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1
 

Displays the packet statistics of all classes that are configured for allservice policies either on the specified interface

  • Enter the interface type and the interface number.

 
Step 3 exit


Example:
Device# exit
 

(Optional) Exits privileged EXEC mode.

 

Configuration Examples for MQC Based on Transport Hierarchy

Example: Configuring MQC Based on Transport Hierarchy

The following is an example of the configuring MQC based on Transport Hierarchy feature:

Device> enable
Device# configure terminal
Device(config)# class-map match-all C1
Device(config-cmap)# match protocol http in-app-hierarchy
Device(config-cmap)# match protocol youtube
Device(config-cmap)# end
Device# configure terminal
Device(config)# policy-map P1
Device(config-pmap)# class C1
Device(config-cmap)# end
Device# configure terminal
Device(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/1
Device(config-if)# service-policy input P1

A traffic policy called P1 is configured. P1 contains a class called C1 for which QoS bandwidth limitation is configured as an example. All traffic that has final classification of Youtube with HTTP as a transport will be placed in the C1 class. Other possible transports for Youtube, such as SSL or RTSP, will not be matched by this class-map

Example: Verifying the MQC Based on Transport Hierarchy configuration

The following is a sample output from the show policy-map interface command:

Device#  show policy-map interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1

GigabitEthernet0/0/1 
  Service-policy input: P1

Class-map: C1 (match-all)
      17 packets, 0 bytes
      5 minute offered rate 0000 bps, drop rate 0000 bps
      Match: protocol http in-app-hierarchy
      Match: protocol youtube

    Class-map: class-default (match-any)
      3 packets, 0 bytes
      5 minute offered rate 0000 bps, drop rate 0000 bps
      Match: any

Additional References

Related Documents

Related Topic

Document Title

Cisco IOS commands

Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

QoS commands: complete command syntax, command modes, command history, defaults, usage guidelines, and examples

Cisco IOS Quality of Service Solutions Command Reference

Technical Assistance

Description

Link

The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

Feature Information for MQC Based on Transport Hierarchy

The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.
Table 1 Feature Information for MQC Based on Transport Hierarchy

Feature Name

Releases

Feature Information

MQC Based on Transport Hierarchy

Cisco IOS XE 3.14S

The MQC Based on Transport Hierarchy feature enables the use of Transport Hierarchy to apply policies according to a specific underlying protocol, instead of only according to the final classified protocol. A new MQC filter is introduced which can be configured within a class-map.

The following command was modified:

match protocol