Published On: August 6ᵗʰ, 2019 02:03

First Hop Redundancy Protocols Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S

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Information About FHRP - Multiple Group Optimization

HSRP Multiple Group Optimization

The configuration of many hundreds of subinterfaces on the same physical interface, with each subinterface having its own HSRP group, can cause the processes of negotiation and maintenance of multiple HSRP groups to have a detrimental impact on network traffic and CPU utilization.

Only one HSRP group is required on a physical interface for the purposes of electing active and standby devices. This group is known as the master group. Other HSRP groups may be created on each subinterface and linked to the master group via the group name. These linked HSRP groups are known as client or slave groups.

The HSRP group state of the client groups follows that of the master group. Client groups do not participate in any sort of device election mechanism.

Client groups send periodic messages in order to refresh their virtual MAC addresses in switches and learning bridges. The refresh message may be sent at a much lower frequency compared with the protocol election messages sent by the master group.

How to configure FHRP - Multiple Group Optimization

Configuring Multiple HSRP Groups for Load Balancing

Perform this task to configure multiple HSRP groups for load balancing.

Multiple HSRP groups enable redundancy and load-sharing within networks and allow redundant devices to be more fully utilized. A device actively forwarding traffic for one HSRP group can be in standby or in the listen state for another group.

If two devices are used, then Device A would be configured as active for group 1 and standby for group 2. Device B would be standby for group 1 and active for group 2. Fifty percent of the hosts on the LAN would be configured with the virtual IP address of group 1 and the remaining hosts would be configured with the virtual IP address of group 2. See the Example: Multiple HSRP for Load Balancing section for a diagram and configuration example.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. interface type number

4. ip address ip-address mask [secondary]

5. standby [group-number] priority priority

6. standby [group-number] preempt [delay {minimum | reload | sync} delay]

7. standby [group-number] ip [ip-address] secondary]

8. On the same device, repeat Steps 5 through 7 to configure the device attributes for different standby groups.

9. exit

10. Repeat Steps 3 through 9 on another device.


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 enable


Example:
Device> enable
 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.

 
Step 2 configure terminal


Example:
Device# configure terminal
 

Enters global configuration mode.

 
Step 3 interface type number


Example:
Device(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
 

Configures an interface type and enters interface configuration mode.

 
Step 4 ip address ip-address mask [secondary]


Example:
Device(config-if)# ip address 10.0.0.1 255.255.255.0
 

Specifies a primary or secondary IP address for an interface.

 
Step 5 standby [group-number] priority priority


Example:
Device(config-if)# standby 1 priority 110
 

Configures HSRP priority.

 
Step 6 standby [group-number] preempt [delay {minimum | reload | sync} delay]


Example:
Device(config-if)# standby 1 preempt 
 

Configures HSRP preemption.

 
Step 7 standby [group-number] ip [ip-address] secondary]


Example:
Device(config-if)# standby 1 ip 10.0.0.3
 

Activates HSRP.

 
Step 8 On the same device, repeat Steps 5 through 7 to configure the device attributes for different standby groups.  

For example, Device A can be configured as an active device for group 1 and be configured as an active or standby device for another HSRP group with different priority and preemption values.

 
Step 9 exit


Example:
Device(config-if)# exit
 

Exits to global configuration mode.

 
Step 10 Repeat Steps 3 through 9 on another device.  

Configures multiple HSRP and enables load balancing on another device.

 

Improving CPU and Network Performance with HSRP Multiple Group Optimization

Perform this task to configure multiple HSRP client groups.

The standby follow command configures an HSRP group to become a slave of another HSRP group.

HSRP client groups follow the master HSRP with a slight, random delay so that all client groups do not change at the same time.

Use the standby mac-refresh seconds command to directly change the HSRP client group refresh interval. The default interval is 10 seconds and can be configured to as much as 255 seconds.


Note


  • Client or slave groups must be on the same physical interface as the master group.
  • A client group takes its state from the group it is following. Therefore, the client group does not use its timer, priority, or preemption settings. A warning is displayed if these settings are configured on a client group:
Device(config-if)# standby 1 priority 110
%Warning: This setting has no effect while following another group.
Device(config-if)# standby 1 timers 5 15
    % Warning: This setting has no effect while following another group.
Device(config-if)# standby 1 preempt delay minimum 300
    % Warning: This setting has no effect while following another group.

Before You Begin

Configure the HSRP master group using the steps in the Configuring Multiple HSRP Groups for Load Balancing section.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. interface type number

4. ip address ip-address mask [secondary]

5. standby mac-refresh seconds

6. standby group-number follow group-name

7. exit

8. Repeat Steps 3 through 6 to configure additional HSRP client groups.


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 enable


Example:
Device> enable
 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.

 
Step 2 configure terminal


Example:
Device# configure terminal
 

Enters global configuration mode.

 
Step 3 interface type number


Example:
Device(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
 

Configures an interface type and enters interface configuration mode.

 
Step 4 ip address ip-address mask [secondary]


Example:
Device(config-if)# ip address 10.0.0.1 255.255.255.0
 

Specifies a primary or secondary IP address for an interface.

 
Step 5 standby mac-refresh seconds


Example:
Device(config-if)# standby mac-refresh 30
 

Configures the HSRP client group refresh interval.

 
Step 6 standby group-number follow group-name


Example:
Device(config-if)# standby 1 follow HSRP1
 

Configures an HSRP group as a client group.

 
Step 7 exit


Example:
Device(config-if)# exit
 

Exits to global configuration mode.

 
Step 8 Repeat Steps 3 through 6 to configure additional HSRP client groups.  

Configures multiple HSRP client groups.

 

Configuration Examples for FHRP - Multiple Group Optimization

Example: Configuring Multiple HSRP Groups for Load Balancing

You can use HSRP or multiple HSRP groups when you configure load sharing. In the figure below, half of the clients are configured for Router A, and half of the clients are configured for Router B. Together, the configuration for Routers A and B establish two Hot Standby groups. For group 1, Router A is the default active router because it has the assigned highest priority, and Router B is the standby router. For group 2, Router B is the default active router because it has the assigned highest priority, and Router A is the standby router. During normal operation, the two routers share the IP traffic load. When either router becomes unavailable, the other router becomes active and assumes the packet-transfer functions of the router that is unavailable. The standby preempt interface configuration command is necessary so that if a router goes down and then comes back up, preemption occurs and restores load sharing.

Figure 1. HSRP Load Sharing Example

The following example shows Router A configured as the active router for group 1 with a priority of 110 and Router B configured as the active router for group 2 with a priority of 110. The default priority level is 100. Group 1 uses a virtual IP address of 10.0.0.3 and Group 2 uses a virtual IP address of 10.0.0.4.

Router A Configuration

Router(config)# hostname RouterA
!
Router(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
Router(config-if)# ip address 10.0.0.1 255.255.255.0
Router(config-if)# standby 1 priority 110
Router(config-if)# standby 1 preempt
Router(config-if)# standby 1 ip 10.0.0.3
Router(config-if)# standby 2 preempt
Router(config-if)# standby 2 ip 10.0.0.4

Router B Configuration

Router(config)# hostname RouterB
!
Router(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
Router(config-if)# ip address 10.0.0.2 255.255.255.0
Router(config-if)# standby 1 preempt
Router(config-if)# standby 1 ip 10.0.0.3
Router(config-if)# standby 2 priority 110
Router(config-if)# standby 2 preempt
Router(config-if)# standby 2 ip 10.0.0.4

Example: Improving CPU and Network Performance with HSRP Multiple Group Optimization

The following example shows how to configure an HSRP client and master group:

Device(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
Device(config-if)# no shutdown
Device(config-if)# standby mac-refresh 30  
! Client Hello message interval
!
Device(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/1
Device(config-if)# no shutdown
Device(config-if)# ip vrf forwarding VRF2
Device(config-if)# ip address 10.0.0.100 255.255.0.0
Device(config-if)# standby 1 ip 10.0.0.254
Device(config-if)# standby 1 priority 110
Device(config-if)# standby 1 preempt
Device(config-if)# standby 1 name HSRP1   
!Server group
!
Device(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/2
Device(config-if)# no shutdown
Device(config-if)# ip vrf forwarding VRF3
Device(config-if)# ip address 10.0.0.100 255.255.0.0
Device(config-if)# standby 2 ip 10.0.0.254
Device(config-if)# standby 2 follow HSRP1   
! Client group
!
Device(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/3
Device(config-if)# no shutdown
Device(config-if)# ip vrf forwarding VRF4
Device(config-if)# ip address 10.0.0.100 255.255.0.0
Device(config-if)# standby 2 ip 10.0.0.254
Device(config-if)# standby 2 follow HSRP1   
! Client group

Additional References

Related Documents

Related Topic

Document Title

Cisco IOS commands

Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

HSRP commands: complete command syntax, command mode, command history, defaults, usage guidelines, and examples

Cisco IOS First Hop redundancy Protocols Command Reference

HSRP for IPv6

“HSRP for IPv6” module

Troubleshooting HSRP

Hot Standby Router Protocol: Frequently Asked Questions

Standards

Standards

Title

No new or modified standards are supported by this feature, and support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.

--

MIBs

MIBs

MIBs Link

CISCO-HSRP-MIB CISCO-HSRP-EXT-MIB

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco software releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

RFCs

RFCs

Title

RFC 792

Internet Control Message Protocol

RFC 1828

IP Authentication Using Keyed MD5

RFC 2281

Cisco Hot Standby Router Protocol

Technical Assistance

Description

Link

The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

Feature Information for FHRP - HSRP Multiple Group Optimization

The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.
Table 1 Feature Information for FHRP—HSRP Multiple Group Optimization

Feature Name

Releases

Feature Information

FHRP—HSRP Multiple Group Optimization

12.4(6)T

12.2(33)SRB

12.2(33)SXI

12.2(50)SY

15.0(1)S

15.0(1)SY

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

FHRP—HSRP Multiple Group Optimization feature improves the negotiation and maintenance of multiple HSRP groups configured on a subinterface. Only one HSRP group is required on a physical interface for the purposes of electing active and standby devices. This group is known as the master group. Other HSRP groups may be created on each subinterface and linked to the master group via the group name. These linked HSRP groups are known as client or slave groups.

The following commands were introduced or modified by this feature: standby follow, show standby.